Bathukamma Panduga: (in Telugu Language Paduga means festival) is flower –patterned festival celebrated by the Hindu women of Telangana. ‘Bathukamma festival begins on ‘Badhrapada Amavasya’ and ends on ‘Durgashtami.’ This ‘Floral Festival’ is celebrated people of Telangana State and across the world. It is followed by Boddemma, which is a 7-day festival. Boddemma festival that marks the finishing of Varsha Ruthu whereas Bathukamma festival indicates the beginning of Sarad or Sharath Ruthu.Bathukamma is a beautiful flower stack, arranged with different unique seasonal flowers, are ‘Tangedi’, ‘Gunuka’, ‘Lotus’, ‘Alli’, ‘Katla’ and ‘Teku’ most of them with medicinal values, in seven concentric layers in the shape of temple gopuram. In Telugu, ‘Bathukamma' means ‘Mother Goddess come Alive’ and Goddess Maha Gauri-‘Life Giver’ is worshipped in the form of Bathukamma.
On this special occasion, women dress up in the traditional sari combining it with jewels and other accessories. Teenage Girls wear Langa-Oni/Half-Sarees/Lehenga Choli combining it with jewels in order to bring out the traditional grace of the dress. Dressed in their colourful, traditional best, women form a circle around the ‘Bathukamma’ singing the songs and dance for long. The songs usually bear the wonderful stories related to the women, the social conditions, the economic conditions in the region, etc. The women of the region know the songs by heart and are seen to sing simultaneously and without beforehand practice. Finally they take it to the nearest water body and immersing it.
Also See: VijayaDashami Images 2016
Bathukamma festival has many myths behind its execution. According to the Hindu religious scholars and pundits, one myth regarding Goddess Gauri is that she after a fierce fight killed ‘Mahishasura’ the demon. After this serious act, she went into a deep sleep due to fatigue on the ‘Aswayuja Padyami’ day. All the Hindu religious devotees strongly prayed with devotion and dedication for her to wake up. It is to be noted that she woke up on the Dasami day.
The other version of Bathukamma is that there was a king named Dharmangada and a queen named Satyavati belonging to Chola Dynasty. They lost their hundred sons in the war front. So they prayed and performed a ritual to Goddesses Lakshmi to be born as their daughter. The Goddesses heard it and immediately obliged them. On her birth, many scholar and pundits visited the baby at the royal palace and blessed her by calling Bathukamma or live forever.